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軌枕又稱枕木,也是鐵路配件的一种

The sleeper is also called the sleepers, but also parts of a railway

只不过现在所用材料不仅仅是木材,因此叫軌枕更加科学。 别看軌枕的模样单调划一,貌不惊人,它的作用可不小。軌枕既要支承钢轨,又要保持钢轨的位置,还要把钢轨传递来的巨大压力再传递给道床。它须具备柔韧性和弹性,硬了不行,软了也不行。列车经过时,它可以适当变形以缓冲压力,但列车过后还得尽可能恢复原状。

Only now, not just the materials used in wood, so called sleeper more scientific. Don't look like uniform monotone sleeper, appearance is not breathtaking, its role can not small. Necessary to support rail sleepers, but also to maintain the rail position, but also to pass the rail pressure before being passed to the ballast. It must have a certain flexibility and elasticity, hard not soft line. After the train, it can be deformed due to buffer the pressure, but after the train had as much as possible restitution.

水泥軌枕也叫混凝土枕
又稱
砼枕

Concrete sleeper is also called the concrete pillow,
also known as the concrete sleeper

由混凝土,鋼筋,組合而成,外表堅硬,使用壽命長

Made of concrete, steel, combination, hard appearance, long service life

水泥枕軌産品分類

Product classification

水泥枕木按照安裝方式可分爲U型環式和螺栓壓板式

Concrete sleepers are in accordance with the installation can be divided into U type ring type and plate type bolt

水泥枕木U型环的軌枕安装方便,只需将钢轨放到两个U型环之间,下面垫上橡胶垫板,然后用大锤砸下U型环压住钢轨。水泥枕木螺栓压板的是用T型螺栓从軌枕下面预留孔中穿出上面固定住压板压住钢轨,一根軌枕需要4套螺栓,4个压板,2个橡胶垫板,这种軌枕养护方便,可以重复利用。

The cement sleeper sleeper U type ring has the advantages of convenient installation, only the rail put between the two U ring, the following mat rubber pad, and then use a sledgehammer smashing U type ring down rail. The cement sleeper bolt plate is used in T type bolt from the sleeper reserved under the hole above fixed platen presses the rail, a sleeper needs 4 sets of bolt, 4 plate, 2 rubber pad, the sleeper maintenance convenient, can use repeatedly

水泥枕軌産品分類

Product advantage
  • 水泥枕木需要蒸汽脫模一次成型,外觀光滑,裏面堅硬,並含有多根螺紋鋼。

  • 水泥枕木,材源廣泛,規格統一,彈性均勻,絕緣性好,穩定性高,不受天氣溫度等外在條件的影響,不腐爛、使用壽命長。

  • 预应力混凝土軌枕除了能大量节约鋼材外,还有使用寿命长、轨道稳定性好,能满足高速、大运量要求等优点。

水泥枕軌常規規格

General specifications
名稱 寬度(mm) 厚度(mm) 長度(mm) 備注
備注 220 160 2500 共計16個長度規格
道岔枕木(普通) 220 160 2600-4850,以150mm進位 /
道岔枕木(標准) 240 160 2600-4800,以200mm進位 共計12個長度規格
橋梁枕木 220 240、260、280、300 3000 /

水泥枕軌常規間距

Sleeper spacing

軌枕的间距应根据运量、行车速度及道床类型等条件决定。间距较小时,路基、道床、钢轨以及軌枕本身所受作用力均小,但间距过小则增加工程费用,且影响道床的捣固作业。軌枕间距一般为52~62厘米。中国铁路一般以每公里铺设軌枕的根数间接显示軌枕间距。

Sleeper spacing should be decided according to the vehicle speed and traffic volume, ballast type conditions. Spacing is small, the roadbed, ballast, rail and sleepers are forces suffered their own small, but the spacing is too small to increase the project cost, and the effect of the ballast tamping. Sleeper spacing is generally 52 ~ 62 cm. China Railway General laid per kilometer root number sleeper indirect display sleeper spacing.

水泥枕軌常規間距

The safety rules
  • 軌枕公路运输应使用带有固定架的车辆,运输车应与軌枕尺寸相适应,装车层数不多于6层,装车后应绑扎牢固,严防运输途中发生位移。

    Sleeper road transport should be used with a fixed frame of the vehicle, vehicles should be compatible with the sleeper size, loading layers of not more than 6 layer, after loading shall be bond firmly, prevent the transit of displacement.
  • 軌枕铁路运输应按铁路部门批准的装车方案进行装车。

    Sleeper railway transportation should loading scheme according to the railway departments approved for loading.
  • 装车时,每摞軌枕之间塞两块三角楔木,防止軌枕运输过程中碰撞、损坏。

    When loading, between each stack of sleeper plug two block triangular wedge of wood, to prevent damage during transport collision, sleeper.
  • (1) 抬运混凝土枕应4人一根;桥枕、岔枕等应增加扛抬人员。

    (1) carrying a concrete sleeper should be 4 people a pillow, pillow etc.; bridge fork lift personnel should be increased.
  • 軌枕铁路运输应按铁路部门批准的装车方案进行装车。

    Sleeper railway transportation should loading scheme according to the railway departments approved for loading.
  • (2) 抬运軌枕时,挂枕应牢靠,抬运应平稳,放置时步调应一致。

    (2) carrying a sleeper, hanging pillow should be firm, lifted should be smooth, placed when the pace should be consistent.
  • 軌枕铁路运输应按铁路部门批准的装车方案进行装车。

    Sleeper railway transportation should loading scheme according to the railway departments approved for loading.
  • (3) 单人扛运木枕应有固定人员搭肩。到达指定地点放置时,应先将木枕一端着地,使木枕竖立,然后放下,不应耸肩摔掷,避免碰撞他人。

    (4) single carry wood should be fixed personnel shoulder. Arrived at the designated location for placement, should first be a sleeper end, make the sleeper is erect, and then down, should not shrug a throw, avoid collisions with others.
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